Irony is a figure of speech in which there is a contradiction of expectation between what is said what is really meant. It is characterized by an incongruity, a contrast, between reality and appearance. where the person says something which is exactly opposite to what he/she really wanted to communicate. Apart from this, it can also be dramatic where one of the characters is unaware of what is happening around, whereas the spectators know exactly what's going on; this concept is often related to plays.
Irony can be situational as well, if the actual result appears to be just opposite to what is really expected. Irony can best be defined as that middle ground between what is said and what is meant, or others' understanding of what was said and what was meant. It can sometimes be a bit confusing, yet at the same time it can also be amusing. The following are examples of ironic statements:
-The police station was robbed.
-A pilot is afraid of heights.
-A marriage counselor gets a divorce.